Domestic Election Observation
Long-term Pre-Election Election Observation
EWG has recruited and trained 118 Long-Term Observers (LTOs), one in each national assembly constituency, who will be deployed for approximately 11 months from June 2013 to April 2014, depending upon the election calendar. In the final two months before Election Day, LTOs will continue to observe and report on the campaign period. LTOs will provide quantitative and qualitative assessments of various election-related issues, including electoral violence and intimidation, “vote buying”, and other attempts of undue influence by government officials and political contestants. In November 2013 EWG deployed LTOs in an additional 27 new constituencies and added LTOs in another five constituencies currently observed by the EWG. These constituencies have a significant population of religious and ethnic minorities, and are thus particularly vulnerable to election-related violence. With the addition of the new constituencies, the EWG LTOs are conducting observation activities in 143 of the 300 constituencies in Bangladesh.
Post-Election Long Term Observation
The EWG LTOs will remain in their constituencies during the consolidation and announcement of final election results. They will remain in their constituencies for three months to monitor the acceptance of results, electoral violence, judicial resolution of election disputes, and other longer term aspects of the post-election environment.
Short-term Election Day Observation
At this moment EWG (Election Working Group) is not certain about conducting observation on 10th parliamentary election day. Though EWG (Election Working Group) had a plan to recruit 15,860 Short Term Observers (STOs) to cover approximately 31,000 polling stations in 229 constituencies, to ensure greater transparency and accountability, and deter electoral fraud and violence during the 10th Parliament election. This STO deployment strategy would enable EWG to observe and report on a sizable sample of constituencies and polling stations.